There are two ways of including research in an essay. One is to quote the words of the research source exactly. This is done by presenting the words of the source and enclosing them in quotation marks "like this." The second way of including research is to paraphrase. Paraphrasing is describing the ideas presented in the source without using the words the source writer used. Paraphrasing is essentially capturing the idea of the source without borrowing from the writer's words new research and covid 19. A research essay should include a balance between quotations and paraphrases. As a general rule, the writer should paraphrase when the ideas presented can be summarized and presented in the essay writer's own words without changing the meaning of the ideas. A writer should quote when (1) the writer cannot change the words of the source without changing the ideas or (2) the source writer explained the idea in an extremely intelligent or interesting way.
All quotes or paraphrases must give due credit to the source through a citation. The citation style used for a research essay will depend on the teacher's preference, but all citations must include the name of the author and, if the research included is a quote, the page number on which the quote can be found in the source.
Finally, when incorporating paraphrases and quotes into a research essay, a student must make great effort to introduce and analyze the quote. One should never simply present information from a secondary source without commenting on it. The essay writer should always explain, analyze, or argue with the research in such a way that the research becomes integrated into the overall essay idea of the writer.